Everything to know about N Scale Model Trains

Everything to know about N Scale Model Trains

Creating N scale model train layouts is an extraordinary hobby and one that you can find a ton of hours of enjoyement in!

But the first thing you want to focus on when you create a new model train layout is the scale that you want to use.

There are multiple scales and options to think about, and choosing that first will save you a lot of headache later on.

With that in mind, the N scale trains are probably the third most popular model after HO and O gauge trains. So if you’ve never heard about N scale before, OR, maybe you already know that N scale is going to suit the size you have available for a layout and just want to find out more, scroll down to find out why it might be perfect for you!

N scale model train


What are N scale trains?

N scale model trains are extremely popular because they are small and very easy to manoeuvre. At the same time, they are also super detailed, so creating them requires a lot of hard work and focus to ensure that everything looks ordinary and real world (which in this case makes them look extraordinary)!

Depending on the manufacturer, N scale model trains will have a scale that ranges from 1:148 to 1:160.

The majority of N scale train will be 1:160, but some manufacturers create slightly larger locomotives and cabs, so try to keep that in mind and make sure to do your research as you buy!

Then you also have to think about the rail height. This can differ based on what layout you want to create and what height is ok in that situation.

Some of the more popular height codes are code 55 rails of around 0.055 inches and the code 80 rails that are 0.080 inches. Buying the same height rail just means that they will match up when you put them down on a flat surface.

If you take real-life railroads into consideration, then a true scale would be 0.040 inches. However, in this situation, the locomotive and cars would not have enough stability and will likely fall off your track.

The code 55 rails are not always so good for the N scale because they tend to have larger flanges. This means the wheels might not sit on their correctly, and are more likely to come off.

This is why it’s crucial to do your research regarding the scale of train and height of rail.


A brief history of N scale trains

Creating scale trains has been a hobby ever since the 1920s, however, the first N scale model trains were manufactured by the Arnold company in 1962.

Initially, the HO scale train was extremely popular because they were half the size of O gauge trains, but for a lot of people it was still too big and it required a huge layout. Since N scale model trains were half the size of HO models again, these immediately became the norm for many modellers out there.

N scale trains are especially popular in places like Japan due to the size of their apartments, which is why you’ll find more N scale layouts in densly populated areas. Since your trains are smaller, you can put more work into the environment. And the best part is that your landscape is going to stand out quite a lot, definitely a lot more when compared to larger trains.

The same thing happens in Australia, the US and Europe. When it comes to purchasing N scale model trains, most models focus on using the US, British and European prototypes as they tend to create just about all kinds of models that suit your needs.

The interesting thing is that N scale model components and N gauge train tracks can also be used with larger scales if you want. Sometimes the trains and structures are used on HO layouts to bring in a sense of forced perspective.

One thing is certain, the N scale model trains have evolved quite a lot, and that brings with it a lot of creative possibilities!


The difference between n scale trains size and N Gauge Train Sets

Despite the small scale differences, the gauge of these N scale model trains is always 9 mm, regardless of scale or height code.

If you hear the term N gauge train sets, this is referring to the track dimensions, or the width from one rail to the other. The N gauge only measures a set distance between rails, whereas the scale is the proportion/scale of that model train. So, as long as it’s an N scale train, it will run on any rail.

It’s a huge difference between the two things, even if it sounds very similar to one another, so when purchasing you need to make sure of 3 things; the scale (1:160), the gauge (9mm) and the train-track code (55) are all the same as what you already own!


N scale train model manufacturers

Finding the best N scale trains manufacturers or brands can be a bit tricky. Some companies have been creating locomotives and train set for a long time, but there are great newcomers to the market too!

And you can also find retired companies whose products still sell very well between collectors, but they’re probably better for experienced modellers.

You have to keep in mind that trends change all the time, yet some companies tend to be  better than others.

Here’s a look at some of our favourite manufacturers:

Kato Trains

Kato is one of the best N scale model manufacturers. While they offer a large variety of model cars for your railroad, their locomotives impress a lot when it comes to build quality.

Of course this does come at a cost, as the Kato N scale train sets are known to be quite expensive.

In saying that, you do pay for quality and based on what people have to say, these are some of the best locomotives that will withstand a lot of work and pressure for quite some time.

Atlas Trains

Atlas on the other hand, is more affordable, and it also delivers great quality for the price. They create tracks, locomotives as well as rolling stock and other accessories. They are available just about anywhere in the world, and theirmodel train kits are durable and have a lot of attention to detail!

Micro Trains

Micro Trains is another great example of model trains and track that are N scale. They do a very good job when it comes to creating accessories such as landscape pieces too. The company has been around for a long time, so they have just about all you need to create a great N scale train sets if you want.

There are some other companies such as LifeLife for example. While it’s not as popular as some of the others here, they are very affordable.

Athearn Trains

Athearn model trains have been around since 1976 and specialize in both HO scale trains and N gauge as well! They’re a bit of a premium brand, but definitely worth the money if you’re looking to buy something that will last a long time.

If you’re looking to purchase Athearn products, you might be best trying Amazon or a local store, because their website can be a bit tricky to navigate however.

N scale model layout


How to build N scale train layouts

The first thing you want to do is to start off small. As a beginner, the last thing you want is to go with a very expensive layout and want to change after the fact.

Your focus has to be on creating a simple layout, and once you have that ready to go, you can expand. The idea is to understand the mechanics of creating a layout and then build on that knowledge:

  1. First thing’s first, purchase your model train. The brands above all offer great starter sets for N scale. If you’ve decided that something as small as N isnt for you, take a look at our electric train guide for some HO and O scale trains as well!
  2. Now you need a train table setup. In this instance, you just want to use whatever works for you. Since it’s N scale, you can use a coffee table for a small layout, or get a dining table for a bigger one. Hell, some tressles and a sheet of ply work well too!
  3. Once you have that ready to go, you need to get enough track. Make sure that you purchase tracks which are compatible with your N scale model train. A lot of trains will run on something like Bachmanns EZ Track, but just double check with your train manufacturer to be safe.
  4. If possible, try to acquire some accessories such as train stations, homes or even a few trees. These accessories will breathe life into your model. Even if you’re working at a very small scale, you do want to add a few of these items.
  5. As you lay down the track, try to avoid keeping it at the same level everywhere. What you want to do is to use some slight inclines made from durable materials to raise the track. The idea is to have some elevation as well as straight tracks. It will bring in a much better visual touch to the track.
  6. Connect the track to your electrical system. The N scale model trains won’t work if you don’t have the electrical system ready to go. Most ready-to-run and starter kits will come with everything you need inside the box for this step.
  7. Now you’ve got a basic layout down, you can expand on it if you want! You can get more track pieces, purchase bridges, decorative elements and so on. Some people are very passionate about their layouts, and they craft their own decorative pieces by hand. But if you don’t have the time or talent for that, you can easily go online and find a huge array of pieces!

Voltage and material used in N scale

When you want to run a model train, you have to figure out the right voltage. Some of the locomotives require a smaller voltage and others a higher voltage. Most of the time manufacturers will show the smallest and highest voltage value on the box. That being said, a lot of the time if you purchase a train kit, it will come with a power supply unit right in the box.

But you shouldn’t run any of the N scale locomotives at more than 12 volts unless specified on the box. Normally around 10 volts is more than ok, although if you’re running multiple trains with a DCC unit, you might need to adjust it.

If you see any problems or hear some noises, then you most likely have to lower the voltage. Studying the product box is the best way to figure out the safest voltage for your particular model.

When it comes to the materials you use for your landscape, you want to make it look as natural as possible. There are hundred of products out there that you can use to achieve a realistic look. Companies like Woodland Scenics offer huge ranges of grasses, resin water, paints and accessories to accurately detail your models. Otherwise, the company you bought your train off tend to offer their own range of n scale buildings or accessories.

If you want to add final touches, then you always have to think about the design of your track. Try to test it out multiple times and see what’s missing or if you want to add any flourishes, such as inclines, mountains or valleys before you get started.

The final touches should add a sense of realism to your landscape. Since these model trains are designed to mimic the real-life trains, you want them to feel and look as realistic as possible.

N gauge locomotive train


What are N Scale Couplers?

Coupling in the model train world is a mechanism used to connect the rolling stock to the train. The coupler designs will differ based on a variety of factors. But what you will notice is that it will offer flexibility and a variety of features. The N Scale couplers are couplers that can be used solely for the N scale. Connecting the rolling stock in a model train is very important and having a way to do that for the N scale models is a very good option. There are numerous N scale couplers on the market, you just have to find the best ones.


What are Sound Decoders for N scale Trains?

Sound Decoders for N scale Trains are sound units that you will need to install in order to get sound from the railroad system. A thing to keep in mind is that some of the sound decoders for the model trains are not always working with certain scales. Thankfully, the Sound Decoders for N scale Trains are very popular and you will have no problem finding one to suit your needs or requirements in such a situation.


What is the best track for N scale?

A lot of people recommend the code 55 track because it’s very convenient, it’s built to last and it will provide you with that wide array of quality and value that really matters here. Adaptability is key when it comes to the best track for N scale. Some go with the Atlas code 55, others choose Peco and even Kato can be good. It all comes down to checking the track and seeing whether it suits your needs or not. A bit of trial and error might be needed, but with the right amount of research you can obtain some incredible results, and that will help you quite a bit.


Tips to remember

  • Plan for the landscape space early on in the process. Sometimes your ambitions might be larger than the available space! So having even a rough pen and paper layout early on can save you a ton of headache later on when you inevitably run out of space.
  • Figure out the budget and stick with it! Yes, it can be very easy to get into buying mode trains and spending a lot of money on them and different layouts. That’s why you need to be very careful about how much you spend, otherwise you’ll be two mortgages deep with the best layout around!
  • Opt for the higher quality brands. Since you want to have a good layout and train set, opting for a better brand early on means that your purchases will last you years to come – saving you money in the long run!
  • You can start with a basic layout and add to it. Focus on creating a good railway at first and then expand the overall landscape if you want.

Starting your own N scale model train collection is an awesome experience. This is a great hobby because it allows you to be as creative as you want and also allows you to spend as little or as much time as you want on it.

Sure, it can be costly if you want to focus on realism and great visuals – but you are in control and you can do whatever you want with it.

So there you have it! N scale train sets are an awesome starter model, especially for their size, quality and reasonable price.


Want to learn more about model railroading in general? Read our Ultimate model train guide! OR, if you want to know about other train scales, read our model train scales explained post!

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